DECLARATION OF STOCKHOLM 2001

Participating Organizations July 11, 2001 Stockholm Download Attachment

HOSTED AND ORGANIZED BY THE NATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR WOMEN'S SHELTERS AND YOUNG WOMEN'S SHELTERS IN SWEDEN (ROKS)

The International Conference on Men's Violence against Women with a Focus on Prostitution and Trafficking, attended by 300 participants from Europe and other regions of the world, which took place in Stockholm during the Swedish Presidency of the European Union issues the following declaration:

Concerned that prostitution and trafficking are serious international crimes of male violence against women constituting severe barriers to women's equality and fulfillment of their human rights

Alarmed especially at recent developments where thousands of women from Eastern Europe, the Baltic States and Russia have been trafficked into the sex industry and where, for example in Iceland, in a country of 270 000 people, there is in recent years estimated to be one prostituted woman for every 100 Icelandic men

Concerned that increasing numbers of women and children are being made into sexual instruments for men's pleasure

Concerned that international campaigns against trafficking for sexual exploitation will not be successful unless we combat the system of prostitution, which includes traffickers, recruiters, pimps and buyers

Deeply concerned about the harm to women and children, especially girls, that is made invisible when prostitution is accepted and tolerated as inevitable, as work, as a choice, as a solution to women?s poverty, as sexual liberation, as a form of women's empowerment

Concerned that the gap between rich and poor and the growing economic, social and political inequality between men and women in many parts of the world create the conditions for prostitution and trafficking

Especially noting the trafficking in women and children from poorer countries and countries in political and financial crises to richer countries around the globe

Deeply concerned that a large number of women and children in prostitution have been sexually abused as children

Recalling the 1949 Convention on the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others and Article 6 of the Convention to Eliminate Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)

Welcoming the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its supplementary Protocol on the Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children and, in particular, its definition of trafficking, and urging countries to harmonize their national legislation of trafficking in accordance with its provisions

Calling to mind the 1998 Violence against Women Act (Kvinnofridspropositionen), put into force by the Government of Sweden, that prohibits the purchase of sexual services as a violation of women's equality

Urging countries to reestablish the connections between prostitution and trafficking to combat the trend to legalize/regulate prostitution as work and to put prostitution on the political agenda

Calling upon governments, in particular the Nordic countries, to combat prostitution and trafficking by focusing on the demand for prostitution and to draft new legislation that penalizes not only the traffickers and pimps but also the men who buy women for the sex of prostitution

Urging more governments to fund women's NGOs in developing countries and countries in financial and political crisis so that projects promoting gender equality are not mostly financed by countries, which have legalized the system of prostitution

Urging governments to insure that their national development policies do not intensify the marginalization of women and place them at the risk of sexual exploitation

Encouraging governments to provide adequate resources, such as financial aid, shelters, legal advocacy, medical assistance and alternatives for victims of trafficking and prostitution

Urging governments not to treat trafficked women as illegal migrants who should be automatically deported from the country

Calling upon governments to make available temporary and permanent residence and to provide the voluntary and safe return of victims of trafficking.